Ever increasing land degradation due to different factors including water erosion is creating concern to everybody all over the world. Due to wide variation in topography and land forms and land utilization pattern in western region of the country alongwith climatic adversaries, land management without further degradation is a big challenge. This book includes article on several issues related to management of land degradation such that its extension and severity is controlled to minimize the adverse effect and techniques to enhance the ecosystem services and productivity of already degraded lands. In western region, land degradation due to soil erosion in alluvial soils as well as hilly terrains, salinization in coastal regions, wind erosion in western Rajasthan and coastal ecosystem, etc., are more pronounced and needs attention of the researcher and policy-makers. Hence, strategies based on various erosion protection techniques, bio controls, multipurpose tree plantations, horticultural and agronomic interventions, watershed based hydrology and its understanding, etc., are some of the issues discussed in various chapters in the book which are quite relevant keeping in view the present day need. Remote sensing and GPS widely used tools for large scale planning also needs to be implemented for better execution. We feel that this book will be very useful for researchers and students for information related to the theme of management of land degradation for enhancing the productivity with special reference to degraded lands.
Dr. Pratap Ray Bhatnagar, Former Head and Principal Scientist (Soil and Water Conservation Engineering), ICAR- Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research Centre, Vasad has excellent career in agricultural research and research coordination at different levels through 33 years of service period. A graduate in agricultural engineering from CTAE, ML Sukhadia University (presently under MPUAT), Udaipur, Master of Technology in Water Resource Development and Management from Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur and Ph.D. in Irrigation and Drainage Engineering from GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand. Obtained Senior Research Fellowship of ICAR as well as CSIR, and opted for CSIR – SRF during Ph.D. Course. After selection under Agricultural Research Services (ARS) delivered services as Scientist and Scientist (Senior Scale) and contributed in the field of rainwater harvesting based water resource development in hilly terrain and its effective utilisation for field crops and vegetables cultivation in terraced field. Gravity fed micro irrigation with an innovative star configuration was developed for judicious water application in hills. A new fin type light trap has been developed and standardised which was patented by the VPKAS, Almora later on. Low cost polyhouse designs and other plasticulture interventions were developed along with their spread in hill farmers. As Senior Sceintist, worked as Project Coordinator in-charge (1998-2003) of AICRP on Groundwater and based on the performance during IX plan period, the project was survived against recommended phasing out, but expanded with four new centres and new dimension of ground pollution studies. Strategies for multiple uses of water in different agro-ecosystem e.g. canal irrigation, groundwater irrigation, rainwater harvesting in eastern plateau, as well as for arid region (later on in Vasad) were developed. Under a DFID, UK funded project, demonstrated the excel based equitable water delivery model efficacy and different dimensions of utilisation of poorly utilised land due to water-logging in canal command areas. As Key collaborating scientist, also started a tribal area based watershed management project in Purulia district with funding of ACIAR, Australia. On the position of Project Coordinator with full tenure renewal, of AICRP on Application of Plastics in Agriculture (renamed as Plasticulture Engineering and Technology) worked to enhance the farmer’s productivity in farmer’s field through various plasticulture interventions. The project was termed as “Action Research Project” and “Project in field” by respective QRTs. It won Ch. Devilal Award for Best AICRP-2013 award of ICAR. Expanded to 14 centre by XII plan as compared to only 9 centre in X plan with new dimensions of plasticulture in animal shelter and animal husbandry with animal based two centres. Participated SIL Congress in August 2004 at Lahti, Finland sponsored by the organiser and IWMI-India. Undertook training-cum-visit to International Water Management Institute, Colombo in 2004 and had interactional learning about water balance modelling. Participated in the Brainstorming Meeting to discuss important issues in groundwater management in China and India, sponsored and organized by IRRI, Philippines at Dujiangyen City, Sichuan, China in 2003. Sponsored by ACIAR, Australia undertook visit to participate in project workshop at Toowoomba, Queensland and interactions at ANU, Canbera. Also visited NARC, Kathmandu, Nepal under the ICAR-NARC work plan 2009-10 to study the Plastic houses constructed and used by farmers of Nepal to grow off-season vegetables. Apart from AICRP award, he received ICAR award for Team research for outstanding contribution under IVLP programme, Shankar memorial award of ISAE for outstanding SWCE research. He has contributed more than 100 papers in different categories including national and international research papers and presented in seminar and symposium along with several book chapters.
Dr. D. Dinesh born in Vellore district of Tamil Nadu, completed his B.Sc. (Ag.) Adhiparasakthi Agricultural College, Vellore, from Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, did master from master’s PAJANCOA & RI Agriculture Agricultural College, Karaikal, Puducherry; and Doctoral degree in Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry from TNAU, Coimbatore, and his mastery with developing Nitrogen management strategies for System of Rice intensification (SRI); during doctorate he is specialised in utilisation of distillery industrial waste as source of nutrients for crop plants. He started his career as a Scientist (Soil Science) from ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation and served at Research CentreUdhagamandalam, Tamil Nadu, During his service, actively involved in assessing soil erosion relationship with crop productivity; nutrients losses in runoff and sediments. He is presently working as a Soil Scientist at ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research Centre, Vasad,engaged in developing of soil carbon stock and soil quality index for various landuse system across ravine affected lands.He has also published national and international research articles, popular articles, and book chapters in his specialised areas.
Dr. Vijaysinha D. Kakade is a scientist (Fruit Science) at ICAR-IISWC, Research Centre, Vasad (Gujarat). He graduated from Dr. P.D.K.V., Akola (Maharashtra); did his Master and Ph.D. in abiotic stress management and crop improvement in the areas of fruit sciences from ICAR-IARI, New Delhi. During his service, he has developed his expertise in the areas of development of bio-engineering measures for management of ravine lands, water management in fruit crops under rainfed conditions, improvement of establishment of young plants under degraded ravine lands with use of different soil and water conservation measures and microsite improvement techniques and also identified some new fruit and tree crops which are suitable for remunerative agroforestry systems in ravine lands. He has also published national and international research articles, popular articles, and book chapters in these areas.
Dr. V. C. Pande presently working as Principal Scientist (Agril.Economics), has about 28 years of research experience in the areas of resource conservation and management; socio-economics of conservation agronomy/agroforestry production. He is specialized in resource economics and his works include studies on economics of soil & water conservation and watershed management, impact evaluation of watershed management, community managed water resources, ecosystem service valuation. He has wide experience in preparation and execution of watershed management plan alongwith impact evaluation. He has attended 17 professional national and international training programmes and worked in several projects funded by ICAR, National Bamboo Mission, consultancy projects funded by NABARD, Narmada Control Authority, Extramural Fund Scheme. Publications to his credit include 37 research papers in national and international journals, 45 conferences papers presented in national and international conferences, 08 extension bulletins, 01 books and 15 book chapters.
Mr. Omprakash Meena is a Scientist (Soil Science) atICAR-CAZRI, Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Earlier he was posted at ICAR-IISWC, Research Centre, Vasad (Gujarat). He has graduated from S.D.A.U. (Gujarat); did his Master from Soil Science department of A.A.U. (Gujarat). During his service, he has developed his expertise in the areas of soil heath management of ravine lands, water management in fruit crops under rainfed conditions. He has also published national and internationalresearch articles, popular articles, and book chapters in these areas.