The Book covers all the areas of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry to Soil Science –related Terms. Soil health is an assessment of ability of a soil to meet its range of ecosystem functions as appropriate to its environment. Also, refers to the condition of the soil, including its ecosystems (minerals, nutrient and microbial activity), pH and structure. The Soil Science Society deigns soil health as the capacity of a specific kind of soil to function, within natural or managed ecosystem boundaries, to sustain plant and animal productivity, maintain or enhance water and air quality, and support human health and habitation.
The increasing use of conservation tillage and cover crops is changing the way we view the soil and the environment. New concepts and terminology are being used to describe these changes. Understanding the term defined in this fact sheet will help farmers understand relationships between tillage, crop rotation, cover crops, carbon sequestration, organic matter pool, agricultural sustainability, and soil and water quality. Sustainable agriculture and soil quality are the terms that are increasingly important to modern farming. With higher costs for labour, seed, fuel, fertilizer, and pesticides agricultural producers are looking for more economical ways to improve crop production and maintain ecosystem sustainability. One of the goals of sustainable agriculture is to work with the natural cycles of the terrestrial ecosystems especially with the soil biology to enhance the efficiency of agricultural management practice. The terms below are used to describe these biologically efficient and economically viable agricultural production systems.
Dr. Y.V. Singh, originally belong to the villege. Sujanpur. 32 km away from district head quarter of Agra, which falls under the state Utter Pradesh. Dr Y.V. Singh graduated from R.B.S. College Bichpuri, Agra University, Agra, (presently, Dr. Bhim Roa Ambedkar, University, Agra), also obtained his post graduate and Ph.D. degree in Soil Science and Agriculture Chemistry discipline from the same Campus. Dr. Y.V. Singh started his professional career in the year 1996 and served various capacities in national and international projects upto,2006 at CSSRI Karnal, PDCSR, Meerut and IISS, Bhopal. Subsequently he joined the Department of SSAC, IAS, BHU in Nov, 2006 as a Assistant Professor and elevated to Assistant Professor (Stege-3). He has been engaged in teaching, research and extension activities for more than 22 years. His field of specialization in Soil Fertility/STCR Correlation. He has received 15 awards of best paper presentation award, Excellence of teaching, best young scientist and excellence research appreciation from various organizations MRFSW Varanasi and VIF Chennai, SAID, Ranchi and PC, STCR, IISS, Bhopal. Presently, he is handing 2 research projects, sponsored by CST, U.P. and STCR (AICRP), New Delhi as PI> Dr. Singh has successfully executed externally funded research projects: 3 as PI and 7 as Co-PI with active involvement in teaching of UG and PG students. He has guided 25 M.Sc. & 2 Ph.D. students. He has 220 Publication including 90 peer reviewed research paper in reputed Indian and International Journals. He has to his credit, 177 publications including 80 pear reviewed research paper (4 in Journals of Agrochimica, Field crop research and soil science society of American) in reputed national and international journals, 40 popular articles, 16 full paper in conference proceeding , 09 technical bulletin. Dr. Singh currently assistant professor (Stage-3), Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi -221005 (U.P), India.