The present attitude to profitable animal production is to develop sustainable concepts for animal production by which high efficiency can be maintained without compromising animal health and welfare, product quality and safety and the surrounding environment. The concept primarily aims to develop integrated theme encompassing feed composition and quality, animal nutrition, digestion and metabolism of nutrients, growth and lactation physiology, reproduction, immunology, disease mechanisms, bio-markers, disease prevention, animal behaviour and adaptability, stress biology, production and health management including animal production and health economy.
The studies on nutrition, management, and the influence of various production systems on resource management, environmental load, production quantity and quality, reproduction and animal health would aim to deliver better animal welfare. It would, in turn, develop knowledge that could be used to obtain overall nutrient balance and to improve the nutritional and environmental conditions for animal production, reproduction, health, welfare and the nutritive quality of animal products. Through research in animal immunology and disease mechanisms as well as in production diseases and interaction with genotype, nutrition, behaviour, management and production systems, India, nation with diverse qualitative and quantitative animal resources, aims to improve animal health and disease resistance. Studies on animals’ health and their behavioural needs in interaction with production environment and production factors would develop knowledge on the animal behavioural needs and adaptability that could be implemented in new production systems as well as improvement of existing production systems. We tend to develop methods for assessment of animal welfare in commercial livestock herds/flocks and poultry and small holder livestock herds/flocks/backyard poultry as well as methods and models for health economic evaluations. This integrated approach of improved animal welfare involves development of animal models to study nutrient metabolism and utilization, disease mechanisms, reproduction, human physiology and human medicine. The Mission is therefore, ‘to improve production, management and nutritional conditions for the animals, reproduction, health and welfare without compromising the surrounding environment and economic conditions.’ The obtained knowledge is to be used for counselling and guidance about sustainable animal farming to authorities and producers.
The intent of this book is to provide new knowledge and know-how that comes out of research from well known experts that are capable of meeting the future requirements for responsible animal farming in which welfare, environmental impact and sustainable production are compatible elements through minimum usage of medicines, high nutritional food quality, high food safety and low environmental impact.
Dr. S.P.Tiwari is Professor and Head, Department of Animal Nutrition at College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anjora, Durg, under the aegis of Indira Gandhi Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. Dr. Tiwari did his BVSc & AH from College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Mhow, in 1981 and received Maj. Juneja Trophy for getting highest marks in the faculty as “Best out going student”. Dr. Tiwari did his MVSc in Animal Nutrition from Haryana Agriculture University, Hissar in 1983. He has completed his PhD in Animal Nutrition from Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar in 1988. He started his career as Assistant Professor in Himachal Pradesh Agriculture University, Palampur from 1988 to 1991 and subsequently Associate Professor at Rajasthan Agriculture University, Bikaner from 1991 to 1993. Thereafter, he joined in the same capacity at Indira Gandhi Agriculture University, Raipur from 1993 to 1999. Dr. Tiwari joined the same University as Professor of Animal Nutrition in 1999 and Head of the Department in 2004 and continuing in the same capacity at the College of Veterinary Science & AH, Anjora, Durg. Dr. Tiwari is distinguished Animal Nutritionist and contributed significantly in the area of strategic supplementation, integrated farming system, Medicated urea molasses mineral blocks and clinical nutrition. He received ND Kehar Award for the best PhD thesis. He has guided 20 MVSc and PhD students. Dr. Tiwari was PI and Co-PI of many ICAR adhoc research projects besides NARP, NATP and State and other University level projects. He has published about 110 research papers and three book chapters on various aspects of animal nutrition. He was awarded with Merit scholarship during undergraduate and Junior and Senior Research Fellowships during masters and doctorate degree programme by Indian Council of Agriculture Research, New Delhi. He is life member of ANA, ANSI, ISNA, IPSA, IAVNAW and many other scientific societies. He is Fellow of Animal Nutrition Association and Fellow of Indian Poultry Science Association. He is member of Academic council and Administrative council of the university.
Dr. P.K. Sanyal graduated from Bengal Veterinary College, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswa Vidyalaya, West Bengal in the year 1976 and subsequently obtained MVSc in Veterinary Parasitology in the year 1980 from the same university with Teaching Asstt. Fellowship. Following award of ICAR Senior Fellowship, he continuously persuaded for PhD in Veterinary Parasitology from Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar under the guidance of Dr. N.S. Ruprah and graduated in the year 1984.
Subsequently Dr. Sanyal joined Central Sheep & Wool Research Institute as Scientist S-1 through Agricultuarl Research Service and served there for around six years both at Avikanagar and its Southern Regional Centre, Mannavanur, Kodaikanal. He then joined National Dairy Development Board as Scientist-III in R&D wing (Biotechnology Laboratory) in the year 1990 and subsequently promoted to Sr. Scientist in the year 1995. In the year 2003, Dr. Sanyal left NDDB and joined Indira Gandhi Krishi Viswavidyalaya as Professor & Head, Deptt. of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science &AH, Anjora, Durg and continuing thus far.
He has published 53 papers in peer reviewed International and 116 in National journals, popular articles, chapters in books, conference proceedings, laboratory manual. He has presented 98 papers in different conferences and papers are awaiting publication. He is member of Board of Editors of Indian journals and member of panel of referee of international and national journals.
A fellow of National Academy of Veterinary Sciences, India and Indian Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology, Dr. Sanyal is the recipient of The Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Award of ICAR for the triennium 1993-1995, Sir B.V. Rao Gold Medal and Shri S.M. Ismail Oration Award, 2004 of IAAVP. He is now member of Research Advisory Committee of Central Sheep & Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar.