This book provides an exhaustive coverage of effect of climate change on crops including ways for mitigation. It details with how climate change occurs, how it affects agriculture and strategies for agriculture practices to adapt to climate change and provides long-term agriculture techniques to mitigate the effects of climate change. Recognizing the importance of climate change and agriculture, this book explores timely contributions about the current state of climate change effects on agriculture and environment. This text analyzes the global consequences climate change effects on crop yields, production, and socioeconomic scenarios. The text discusses the impact of changing climate on agriculture, adaptation mechanism, impact of global warming, and climate change on different crops. It explores the overall global picture in terms of the effect of climate change on crops and suggests strategies for mitigating and adapting to climate change.This book also deals with biotechnological approaches to improve crop adaptation to climate change, carbon sequestration, effect of climate change on nutrient availability and acquisition and methods of estimating climate change impact on agriculture. The book contains 30 chapters starting from history of climate change, greenhouse gases production, effect on crop physiological processes viz., photosynthesis and respiratory processes, crop growth and productivity, crop yield and seed quality and pest interactions. This book not only provides relevant information on climate change and crop growth, but also will serve as an asset to agriculturists, climate change specialists and research scholars.
Dr. K. Balakrishnan is presently working as Professor of Crop Physiology at Agricultural College and Research Institute, Madurai. He was the recipient of ICAR Senior Fellowship during 1983 and obtained Ph.D in Crop Physiology in 1987 from Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore (TNAU). He has also obtained Post Graduate Diploma in Journalism in 1988. He also worked in United Planter's Association of South India, Coonoor, Nilgris, Tamil Nadu. He has been teaching courses on Crop Physiology and Biochemistry to the Under Graduate and Post Graduate students in both Agriculture and Horticulture for the past 32 years. He served as Principle Investigator of Foliar diagnosis in Horticultural crops in plan scheme funded by Government of Tamil Nadu, Post Harvest Technology of Horticultural crops ICAR-PHT at Horticultural College and Research Institute, Periyakulam and Arid zone fruit crops funded by AICRIP (ICAR) , at Regional Agricultural Research Station, Aruppukkottai. He operated several schemes from both private and Government agencies. He also worked as Assistant plant physiologist in ICAR-Tropical fruit crops, AICRIP, Horticultural College, Coimbatore. He was the member of All India ICAR Syllabus Committee on basic Agricultural sciences during 2007-2008. He also served as a member of Board of studies, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University during 1997-2000. He has authored and co-authored 10 book chapters and 6 books and published 60 research papers in both national and International journals, 3 extension bulletins and 120 popular articles. He has been the question setter and external examiner for M.Sc.(Ag.) and Ph.D thesis in several Universities. He has organized one national seminar at AC&RI, Madurai during September 2013. He served as the Professor and Head, Department of Seed Science and Technology, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Madurai during 2013-2015.
Professor Dr. M. Prakash born in 1966, obtained his B.Sc.(Ag.) and M.Sc.(Ag.) from Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India in 1988 and 1990 respectively. He did his Ph.D from Annamalai University. His studious and scholarly aptitude during his studenthood fetched him prestigious student support awards like National Merit Scholarship, Government of India during 1981-1988 and ICAR Junior Fellowship during 1988-1990. Prof. M. Prakash is working on abiotic stress tolerance from his post graduation onwards. He started working on effect of antitranspirants on growth and physiology of brinjal and continuing his work on abiotic stress tolerance till date. He is having 24 years of teaching and research experience in the Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding wherein he has successfully guided 8 Ph. D. and 22 Masters Degree Programmes. He has also completed five funded research projects. He is presently serving as Professor, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University. He has earned the status of Departmental Research Support with Special Assistance Programme of University Grants Commission (UGC-SAP- DRS) to the Department with financial assistance of Rs. 50 lakhs at Phase I (2009-2014) and Rs. 1.025 Crore at phase II (2015-2020) level. His credentials include publications of 85 refereed research papers, seven books published by National publishers, three books published by International publishers and one book chapter published in SESAME by globally reputed CRC Press. He has significantly contributed in knowledge sharing, through organisation of 7 National Seminars, participation in 8 International Seminars, Conferences and Workshops and 18 National Seminars and Conferences. His expertise in abiotic stress tolerance is well recognised by invitations to serve in the Editorial Board / Committees of several academic journals, awards like Crop Research Award in 2004 and Best Researcher Award in Annamalai University in 2010 and Fellowships like FELLOW of Indian Society of Plant Physiology, New Delhi in 2015 (FISPP), FELLOW of Association for the Advancement of Biodiversity Science, Bangalore in 2015 (FABSC) and FELLOW of National Academy of Biological Sciences (NABS), Chennai in 2016(FNABS).
Dr.P.Jeyakumar is currently serving as Professor and Head, Department of Crop Physiology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore. He has been actively involved in teaching, research and extension activities for the last 22 years. He is specialized in the area of nutrio- hormonal and postharvest physiology. He has guided ten PG students and four Ph.D scholars. He served as Principal Investigator for more than 15 externally funded research projects and Co-Principal Investigator for 12 projects. He has undergone postdoctoral trainings in Postharvest Physiology at McGill University, Canada and ARO Volcani Centre, Israel. He has received the Best Researcher Award from Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore and Eminent Scientist Award from National Environmental Science Academy, New Delhi. He is also the recipient of Best Researcher Award in Agricultural Botany from MASU, TNAU, Coimbatore. He has authored and co-authored 15 book chapters and 7 books, and published more than 70 research papers in National and International journals. He has visited many international institutes in Australia, Canada, China, Israel, Italy, Malaysia, Turkey and Vietnam to present research papers and to participate in trainings. Prof. P. Jeyakumar is serving as the Technical Editor of The Madras Agricultural Journal and serving as editorial committee member of many scientific journals. Currently he is working on postharvest physiology of tropical fruits and abioic stress management in vegetable crops. He has been the question setter and external examiner for M.Sc.(Ag.) and Ph.D thesis in several Universities. Co-ordinated the ISHS International Symposium on Papaya, Stress Physiology and three ICAR short courses: Nutrio-hormonal dynamics, Emerging techniques in fruit crops and Diagnosis and management of nutritional disorders. He has served as the Course Director for the ICAR Short course on Applied Crop Physiology and organized two National Seminars on Nutrio-physiology and Abiotic stress Management. He is also associated with two major projects on Department development, funded by DST- FIST and UGC- SAP, New Delhi.